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Definition of Sump
A pit in the basement in which water collects to be pumped out with a sump pump.
Allows a buyer to assume responsibility for an existing loan instead of getting a new loan. The assumption may have to be approved by the lender.
This is a telephone interview of the person applying for life insurance conducted by someone from the underwriting department of the insurance company. Some insurance companies only sporadically contact applicants and some contact every applicant. On average the interview lasts between 15 to 30 minutes. The questions asked relate to personal habits (like smoking and alcohol consumption) and finances, including income and net worth, confirmation of employment, duties and the nature of the applicant's business. In addition, there are questions about driving, sports, aviation and currently held insurance. All information obtained is strictly confidential and is submitted solely to the underwriter for review.
The cost of insuring a particular individual under the policy. It is based on the amount of coverage, as well as the underwriting class, age, sex and tobacco consumption of that individual.
An illustration is a computer-generated spreadsheet that takes into account a number of assumptions in order to show how a specific policy might perform for a specific individual.
The examination of the house by a building inspector selected by the purchaser.
income that has been earned but not yet received. For instance, if you have a non-registered Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC), Mutual Fund or Segregated Equity Fund, growth accrues annuAlly or semi-annuAlly and is taxable annuAlly even though the gain is only paid at maturity of your investment.
Better known as CDIC, This is an organization which insures qualifying deposits and GICs at savings institutions, mainly banks and trust companys, which belong to the CDIC for amounts up to $60,000 and for terms of up to five years. Many types of deposits are not insured, such as mortgage-backed deposits, annuities of duration of more than five years, and mutual funds.
In medical insurance, the insured person and the insurer sometimes share the cost of services under a policy in a specified ratio, for example 80% by the insurer and 20% by the insured. By This means, the cost of coverage to the insured is reduced.
Also known as "Dead Janitors insurance", This is the practice, where Allowed, in several U.S. states, of numerous well known large American Corporations taking out corporate owned life insurance policies on millions of their regular employees, often without the knowledge or consent of those employees. Corporations profiting from the deaths of their employees [and sometimes ex-employees] have attracted adverse publicity because ultimate death benefits are seldom, even partiAlly passed down to surviving families.
insurance that pays you an ongoing income if you become disabled and are unable to pursue employment or business activities. there are limits to how much you can receive based on your pre-disability earnings. Rates will vary based on occupational duties and length of time in a particular industry. This kind of coverage has a waiting period before you can begin collecting benefits, usuAlly 30, 60 or 90 days. The benefit paying period also varies from 2 years to age 65. A short waiting period will cost more that a longer waiting period. As well, a long benefit paying period will cost more than a short benefit paying period.
insurance coverage purchased by the agent/broker which provides protection against loss incurred by a client because of some negligent act, error, oversight, or omission by the agent/broker.
This is a very common form of life insurance which is found in employee benefit plans and bank mortgage insurance. In employee benefit plans the form of This insurance is usuAlly one year renewable term insurance. The cost of This coverage is based on the average age of everyone in the group. therefore a group of young people would have inexpensive rates and an older group would have more expensive rates.
This is a tax planning strategy of arranging for income to be transferred to family members who are in lower tax brackets than the one earning the income, thus reducing taxes. Even though attribution rules limit income splitting, there are still a number of legitimate ways to do so, such as through the use of spousal RRSPs.
This is a type of insurance for which the cost is distributed evenly over the premium payment period. The premium remains the same from year to year and is more than actual cost of protection in the earlier years of the policy and less than the actual cost of protection in the later years. The excess paid in the early years builds up a reserve to cover the higher cost in the later years.
The average number of years of life remaining for a group of people of a given age and gender according to a particular mortality table.
Life Income Fund
Commonly known as a LIF, This is one of the options available to locked in Registered Pension Plan (RPP) holders for income payout as opposed to Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) holders choice of payout through Registered Retirement income Funds (RRIF). A LIF must be converted to a unisex annuity by the time the holder reaches age 80.
Medical Information Bureau
This organization was established in 1902. The Medical information Bureau (M.I.B.) is a non-profit association of life insurance companies. Its purpose is to detect and deter fraud by providing warnings cAlled, alerts, to member companies. For example, if an insurance applicant advised one insurance company of a heart attack and then applied to another insurance company omitting This history, codes, reported by the first insurance company, indicating a heart attack would alert the second insurance company to the undisclosed history. It is a rarity, however, that the alert is the only notice of a specific medical impairement as most applicants completely disclose their history.
Commonly sold in the form of reducing term life insurance by lending institutions, This is life insurance with a death benefit reducing to zero over a specific period of time, usuAlly 20 to 25 years. In most instances, the cost of coverage remains level, while the death benefit continues to decline. Re-stated, the cost of This kind of insurance is actuAlly increasing since less death benefit is paid as the outstanding mortgage balance decreases while the cost remains the same. Lending institutions are the most popular sources for This kind of coverage because it is usuAlly sold during the purchase of a new mortgage. The untrained institution mortgage sales person often gives the impression that This is the only place mortgage insurance can be purchased but it is more efficiently purchased at a lower cost and with more flexibility, directly from traditional life insurance companies. No matter where it is purchased, the reducing term insurance death benefit reduces over a set period of years. Most consumers are up-sizing their residences, not down-sizing, so it is likely that more coverage is required as years pass, rather than less coverage.
Registered Retirement Income Fund (Canada)
Commonly referred to as a RRIF, This is one of the options available to RRSP holders to convert their tax sheltered savings into taxable income.
Split Dollar Life Insurance
The split dollar concept is usuAlly associated with cash value life insurance where there is a death benefit and an accumulation of cash value. The basic premise is the sharing of the costs and benefits of a life insurance policy by two or more parties. UsuAlly one party owns and pays for the insurance protection and the other owns and pays for the cash accumulation. there is no single way to structure a split dollar arrangement. The possible structures are limited only by the imagination of the parties involved.
Temporary Life Insurance
Temporary insurance coverage is available at time of application for a life insurance policy if certain conditions are met. NormAlly, temporary coverage relates to free coverage while the insurance company which is underwriting the risk, goes through the process of deciding whether or not they will grant a contract of coverage. The qualifications for temporary coverage vary from insurance company to insurance company but generAlly applicants will qualify if they are between the ages of 18 and 65, have no knowledge or suspicions of ill health, have not been absent from work for more than 7 days within the prior 6 months because of sickness or injury and total coverage applied for from All sources does not exceed $500,000. NormAlly a cheque covering a minimum of one months premium is required to complete the conditions for This kind of coverage. The insurance company applies This deposit towards the cost of a policy at its issue date, which may be several weeks in the future.
Term Life Insurance
A plan of insurance which covers the insured for only a certain period of time and not necessarily for his or her entire life. The policy pays a death benefit only if the insured dies during the term.
This could be the person (broker or agent) who helps you choose the proper type of life insurance or disability insurance and the insurance company for your particular needs. This could also be the person at the insurance company's head office who reviews your application for coverage to determine whether or not the insurance company will issue a policy to you.
Yearly Renewable Term Insurance
sometimes, simply cAlled YRT, This is a form of term life insurance that may be renewed annuAlly without evidence of insurability to a stated age.
Accidental Dismemberment: (Credit Insurance)
Provides additional financial security should an insured person be dismembered or lose the use of a limb as the result of an accident.
Amortization (Credit Insurance)
Refers to the reduction of debt by regular payments of interest and principal in order to pay off a loan by maturity.
The party applying for an insurance policy.
Beneficiary (Credit Insurance)
The person or party designated to receive proceeds entitled by a benefit. Payment of a benefit is triggered by an event. In the case of credit insurance, the beneficiary will always be the creditor.
Borrower (Credit Insurance)
A consumer who borrows money from a lender.
Canadian Life and Health Insurance Association (CLHIA)
An association of most of the life and health insurance companies in Canada that conducts research and compiles information about the life and health insurance industry in Canada.
Child Insurance Rider (CIR)
insurance or insurability provided on current or future children of insured.
Commercial Business Loan (Credit Insurance)
An agreement between a creditor and a borrower, where the creditor has loaned an amount to the borrower for business purposes.
Cost of Insurance
The cost of insuring a particular individual under the policy. It is based on the amount of coverage, as well as the underwriting class, age, sex and tobacco consumption of that individual.
Creditor (Credit Insurance)
A lender or lending institution that offers financing and loans to a borrower, for the purpose of acquiring a commodity.
Critical Illness Insurance
Coverage that provides a lump-sum payment should you be diagnosed with a critical illness and survive a pre-determined period of time. there are no restrictions on how you use your benefit.
Critical Illness Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that provides a lump-sum payment should you become seriously ill with a specified illness. The payment is made to your creditors to pay off your debt owing.
Debt (Credit Insurance)
Money, goods or services that someone is obligated to pay someone else in accordance with an expressed or implied agreement. Debt may or may not be secured.
Disability Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Group insurance designed to cover monthly obligations due to a borrower being unable to work due to sickness or injury.
life insurance or annuity product in which the cash value and benefit level fluctuate according to the performance of an equity portfolio.
A promise that a life insurance policy will be renewed without penalty or medical examination after the term has expired. The renewal rate can also be guaranteed.
insurance that is offered to individuals rather than groups.
In Canada, a general statute that contains most of the insurance law of a common law province, and regulates the conduct of insurers and insurance agents within the province.
Insurance Policy (Credit Insurance)
A policy under which the insurance company promises to pay a benefit of the person who is insured.
Job Loss Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that can pay down your debt should you become involuntarily unemployed. The payment is made to your creditors to reduce your debt owing.
Joint Policy Life
One insurance policy that covers two lives, and generAlly provides for payment at the time of the first insured's death. It could also be structured to pay on second death basis for estate planning purposes.
Lease (Credit Insurance)
Contract granting use of real estate, equipment or other fixed assets for a specified period of time in exchange for payment. The owner or a leased property is the lessor and the user the lessee.
Lender (Credit Insurance)
Individual or firm that extends money to a borrower with the expectation of being repaid, usuAlly with interest. lenders create debt in the form of loans. lenders include financial institutions, leasing companies government lending agencies and automobile dealers.
insurance that provides protection against an economic loss caused by death of the person insured.
Life Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Group Term life insurance that pays or reduces the balance due on a loan if the borrower dies before the loan is repaid.
The person who's life is protected by an individual policy.
Mortgage Life insurance (Credit Insurance)
Decreasing term life insurance that provides a death benefit amount corresponding to the decreasing amount owed on a mortgage.
Mortgage (Credit Insurance)
An agreement between a creditor and a borrower, where the creditor has loaned an amount to the borrower for purposes of purchasing a loan secured by a home.
A type of insurance policy or annuity in which the owner receives dividends, typicAlly increases the death.
Personal Line of credit (Credit Insurance)
A bank's commitment to make loans to a borrower up to a specified maximum during a specific period, usuAlly one year.
Pre-existing medical condition (Credit Insurance)
A medical condition that existed before you became insured. Most policies exclude benefits if the condition is related to the event that triggers a claim if occurs within a certain period (6-12 months) after you became insured.
Premium (Credit Insurance)
Annual or monthly amounts payable, by a client, for a selected insurance coverage to insure debt obligations to their creditors are protected.
Refinancing (Credit Insurance)
Extending the maturity date or increasing the amount of existing debt or both. Also, revising a payment schedule, usuAlly to reduce the monthly payments and often to modify interest charges.
Process in which the risk of potential loss is shared between two or more insurers.
Strike Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that can pay down your debt should you become unemployed due to a legal strike in your place of work. The payment is made to your creditors to reduce your debt owing.
A product that provides life coverage for a specified duration typicAlly not beyond the age of 75.
Terminal Illness Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that provides a lump-sum payment should you become terminAlly ill. The payment is made to your creditors to pay off your debt owing.
person that uses various types of evidence to evaluate the insurability of a client.
Evaluating and classifying potential risk of a client.
An unbundled life product with a separate investment component. It typicAlly does not participate in companies profits.
Waiting Period (Credit Insurance)
A specific time that must pass following the onset of a covered disability before any benefits will be paid under a creditor disability policy. (Also known as an elimination period).
Component that provides life coverage during the insured's life.
CMHC or GEMICO Insurance Premium
Mortgage insurance insures the lender against loss in case of default by the borrower. Mortgage insurance is provided to the lender by CMHC or GEMICO and the premium is paid by the borrower.
Before a mortgage can be advanced, the purchaser must have arranged fire insurance. A certificate or binder from the insurance company may be required on closing.
Gross Household Income
Gross household income is the total salary, wages, commissions and other assured income, before deductions, by All household members who are co-applicants for the mortgage.
Mortgage Critical Illness Insurance
Mortgage Critical Illness insurance is available as an enhancement to Mortgage life insurance. It is usuAlly underwritten by the Assurance company. Complete details of benefits, exclusions and limitations are contained in the Certificate of insurance. It is recommended for All mortgagors. It can pay off your mortgage -- up predefined limit -- if you are diagnosed with life-threatening cancer, heart attack or stroke.
Mortgage Life Insurance
A form of reducing term insurance recommended for All mortgagors. If you die, have a terminal illness, or suffer an accident, the insurance can pay the balance owing on the mortgage. The intent is to protect survivors from the loss of their homes.
Principal, interest and taxes. Together, these make up the regular payment on a mortgage if you elect to include property taxes in your mortgage payments
At the end of a mortgage term, the mortgage may "roll over" on new terms and conditions acceptable to both the lender and the borrower. This is known as renewing a mortgage. Otherwise, the lender is entitled to be repaid in full. In This case, the borrower may seek alternative financing.
A loan that exceeds the amount acceptable for sale in secondary market.
Principal, interest, taxes, insurance -- the things that generAlly make up a monthly mortgage payment.
Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI)
insurance that protects mortgage lenders against default on loans by providing a way for mortgage companies to recoup the costs of foreclosure. PMI is usuAlly required if the down payment is less than 20 percent of the sale price. Home buyers pay for the coverage in monthly instAllments. PMI should be terminated when the home buyer has built up 20 percent equity in the property.
insurance that protects against loss from disputes over ownership of a property. A policy may protect the mortgage lender, the home buyer, or both.
A sum of money set aside in the construction contract for items which have not been selected and specified in the construction contract. For example, selection of tile as a flooring may require an Allowance for an underlayment material, or an electrical Allowance which sets aside an amount of money to be spent on electrical fixtures.
Corrugated metal or concrete barrier wAlls instAlled around a basement window to hold back the earth.
Work the framing contractor does after the mechanical (heating, plumbing & electrical) subcontractors finish their phase of work at the rough stage prior to insulating to get the home ready for a municipal frame inspection. GenerAlly, the framing contractor repairs anything disturbed by others and completes All framing necessary to pass a Rough Frame Inspection.
A transformer that steps up the voltage in a florescent lamp.
A loan that has a series of monthly payments with the remaining balance due in a large lump sum payment at the end.
Balloon Framed Wall
Framed wAlls (generAlly over 10' tAll) that run the entire vertical length from the floor sill plate to the roof. This is done to eliminate the need for a gable end truss.
A basement is a usable foundation that typicAlly has ceiling heights of 8' and is often finished off as living or storage space.
Builder's Risk Insurance
insurance coverage on a construction project during construction, including extended coverage that may be added for the contract for the customer's protections.
Bull Nose Drywall
Rounded drywAll corners.
Gable End Wall
The triangular end of an exterior wAll above the eaves formed under a gable roof.
A device which uses compression and decompression of gas to heat and/or cool a house.
aterial used to cover the interior framed areas of walls and ceilings
A wAll-like structure that supports roof rafters.
Includes All exterior wAlls and any interior wAll that is aligned above a support beam or girder. NormAlly, any wAll that has a double horizontal top plate.
A wAll supporting no load other than its own weight.
One larger window with a circle top window above and usuAlly has two smAller, rectangular windows on each side.
The angle of slope of a roof.
The "V" created where two sloping roofs meet.
A sewage disposal system composed of a septic tank and a connected cesspool.
A passive solar wAll, usuAlly masonry or concrete, used for passing heat from one room (like a sun room or solar garden room) to another.
When a painter spray paints the interior of a home.
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