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Definition of Rafter

Rafter Image 1

Rafter

One of a series of beams that form the slope of a pitched roof and are analogous to floor joists.



Related Terms:

Barge

A horizontal beam rafter that supports shorter rafters.


Barge Board

A decorative board covering the projecting rafter (fly rafter) of the gable end. At the cornice, this member is a fascia board.


Collar Beam

A horizontal tie beam in a roof truss that connects two opposite rafters at a level considerably above the wall plate.


Face Staple

Stapling facing flange to the front side of a stud or rafter, along the 1˝" dimension.


Fascia

Horizontal boards attached to rafter/truss ends at the eaves and along gables. Roof drain gutters are attached to the fascia.



Framer

The carpenter contractor that installs the lumber and erects the frame, flooring system, interior walls, backing, trusses, rafters, decking, installs all beams, stairs, soffits and all work related to the wood structure of the home. The framer builds the home according to the blueprints and must comply with local building codes and regulations.


Inset Staple

Stapling to the inside portion of the stud or rafter.


Rafter Image 2

Knee Wall

A wall-like structure that supports roof rafters.


Plates

Pieces of wood placed on wall surfaces as fastening devices. The bottom member of the wall is the sole plate and the top member is the rafter plate.


Soffit

The underside of the roof overhang or porch ceiling that covers the rafter bottoms. This horizontal surface usually has vents to allow air into the attic.



 

 

 

 

 

 

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