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Definition of Girders
Crossbeams that support floor joists.
A prefabricated framework of girders, struts and other items used to support a roof or other load-bearing elements.
Framed walls (generally over 10' tall) that run the entire vertical length from the floor sill plate to the roof. This is done to eliminate the need for a gable end truss.
A horizontal tie beam in a roof truss that connects two opposite rafters at a level considerably above the wall plate.
Horizontal boards attached to rafter/truss ends at the eaves and along gables. Roof drain gutters are attached to the fascia.
The carpenter contractor that installs the lumber and erects the frame, flooring system, interior walls, backing, trusses, rafters, decking, installs all beams, stairs, soffits and all work related to the wood structure of the home. The framer builds the home according to the blueprints and must comply with local building codes and regulations.
The creditor proof status of such things as life insurance, non-registered life insurance investments, life insurance RRSPs and life insurance RRIFs make these attractive products for high net worth individuals, professionals and business owners who may have creditor concerns. Under most circumstances the creditor proof rules of the different provincial insurance acts take priority over the federal bankruptcy rules.
A roofing composed of three to five layers of asphalt felt laminated with coal tar, pitch, or asphalt. The top is finished with crushed slag or gravel. Generally used on flat or low-pitched roofs.
A roof that consists of two sloping planes that meet at the ridge or peak. The planes are supported at their ends by triangular, upward extensions of walls known as gables.
A pitched roof with sloping sides.
A point where a bearing or structural weight is concentrated and transferred to the foundation.
Includes all exterior walls and any interior wall that is aligned above a support beam or girder. Normally, any wall that has a double horizontal top plate.
16" or 24" wire rod or crisscrossed wire to hold floor insulation in place.
A wall supporting no load other than its own weight.
The "V" created where two sloping roofs meet.
A louver or small dome mounted near the ridge of the roof to allow the passage of air through the attic.
A roof that pitches up further on one side than the other. Shed roofs are also used over some porches.
The structural material that spans across floor joists. It serves as a working platform during construction and provides a base for the finish floor.
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